This post was going to be an update of the SMS using Twilio Rest API in ASP.NET Core post a made a year or so ago, but once I got the example project created I noticed that the default template has removed SMS as an option for two-factor authentication in favor of authenticator auth support.
This post is going to explore the setup of this new two-factor authentication style. In a follow-up post, I may look at adding back support for SMS as the second factor as that seems like a more common scenario albeit a less secure one.
To create a new Razor Pages application using individual authentication I used the following command from a command prompt. Make sure you are in the directory you want the files to end up. The only reason I mention this is I just spend the last 5 minutes cleaning up my user directory because I forgot to change directories.
dotnet new razor --auth Individual
Next, I move up a directory and used the following command to add a new solution file.
dotnet new sln -n TwoFactorAuth
Finally, I used the following command to add the new project to the solution file. If you aren’t using Visual Studio then you don’t have to have the solution file.
dotnet sln add TwoFactorAuth\TwoFactorAuth.csproj
The project after the above can be found here.
Add a QR Code
Strictly speaking, a QR code isn’t required, but it is much better for users so they don’t have to enter a 32 character key into their authenticator application manually. I followed the official docs to enable QR code generation.
Next, find your project’s EnableAuthenticator.cshtml file and update the scripts section at the bottom of the page to the following.
Enabling Two-Factor Authentication
The above changes are all that is required, and now we are going to walk through what it looks like for the user. Once logged in click on your user in in the upper right after of the site to open user management.
Next, click the Two-factor authentication link.
Then, click Configure authenticator app link.
This will land you on the page with the QR code.
Now using the authenticator application of your choice you can scan the QR code. Once scanned your authenticator application will display a code. Enter the code in the Verification Code box and click Verify. If all goes well you will be taken to a page that lists a set of recovery code for use if you can’t use your authenticator application for some reason.
I think it is awesome how easy the ASP.NET Core team has made the use two-factor authentication. With this being built into the templates it pushes all in the right direction. I do wish they would have left SMS as an option, but hopefully, it wouldn’t be hard to put back in.
The code in the final state can be found here.